Latest

World Oceans Day and the rich marine biodiversity of Chile

By: Chile Journey | Date: June 7, 2019 | In:
            
                    Nature

A superb cause to rejoice the beauty, richness, relevance and potential of the Chilean sea is World Oceans Day. And it’s that more and extra, the world is turning into aware and respecting the surroundings.

Subsequently, this June 8 seeks to mobilize everybody around the sustainable management of the seas and mirror on the consequences of human exercise on them.

And is that the oceans play a elementary position in our lives. They’re the lungs of the planet, since they generate most of the oxygen that we breathe. They regulate the climate, feed tens of millions of individuals, are the habitat of a terrific variety of dwelling beings and provide us with medicines and innumerable assets.

With its more than four,000 kilometers of shoreline, Chile has develop into a pacesetter in maritime conservation on this aspect of the planet by betting on the significance of its rich and diversified pure areas.

And is that regardless of the worrying environmental deterioration, Chile has the largest marine park in the South Pacific. Because of this certain marine areas are protected and, based on their relevance and relevance, differing types of safety are established.

WHAT DOES AN AREA BE PROTECTED?

A protected space is a clearly outlined, acknowledged, devoted and managed geographical area, by way of authorized means or other means to realize the long-term conservation of nature, its ecosystem and its associated cultural values.

The primary objective is to protect distinctive ecosystems of high endemism, that’s, species only current in these pure spaces, notably the area of ​​seamounts; and to make suitable the conservation of the ecosystems with the fishing use on the half of fishermen.

In Chile, marine areas of biological significance are many and spread all through the whole territory.

MARINE RESERVES

By designating a Marine Reserve, the marine assets of the surroundings are protected as a way to shield breeding areas of sure species, repopulation or fishing grounds.

The extraction of assets in the reserves can solely be carried out for transitory durations and, in Chile, if they are approved by means of a resolution of the Fisheries Subsecretariat in the beforehand determined sectors.

CHAÑARAL ISLAND, CHOROS ISLAND AND DAMAS ISLAND

In the north of Chile the islands of Chañaral, Choros and Damas, the three situated at 100 kms. de la Serena, have established themselves as a historic middle of underwater life. Because of the current of Humboldt, which emerges from the depths with an immense amount of nutrients, there’s a true underwater paradise round these locations.

On account of the existence of endemic and endangered species in these islands, specific measures had to be taken to guard conservation and guarantee the preservation of the biodiversity of the space.

Additionally, Isla Chañaral, Isla de Choros and Isla Damas are half of the Humboldt Penguin National Reserve since 1880. Its primary objective is to offer protection to the native fauna that draws both scientists and vacationers.

Image that shows the coasts of the Humboldt Penguins National Reserve where beautiful dolphins shine

Some of the measures established by Chilean organizations to guard them are: to sail to a certain distance from the Islands and that the boats have installed a system to protect the engines to scale back noise and forestall the propellers from inflicting injury to marine fauna.

On the different hand, in the case of Isla Chañaral, vessel visitors has been limited. Solely 12 boats can access it, which have passed a rigorous inspection, so as to insist on measures to preserve the biodiversity of the island.

Isla Chañaral, like that of Choros, prohibits pedestrian access. Nevertheless, vessels are allowed to strategy the Isla Chañaral Lighthouse and expertise an unforgettable dive in the depths of its waters to see the coral formations.

The Damas Island, on the different hand, allows the disembarkation, because it incorporates personnel to guard the guests and it is potential to strategy the colony of penguins that stay there.

The town of Chañaral de Aceituno, which is at the entrance, is understood worldwide for whale watching, since in this space it is potential to seek out quite a few species of cetaceans, dolphins, otters and, naturally, penguins. A dream!

Image of Isla Damas in the Coquimbo region where you can see the crystal clear water that surrounds it

BAHÍA MARINA – LA RINCONADA

Near Antofagasta is the lonely Caleta Vieja, an in depth coastal area with virtually virgin beaches and a prevailing sun. There’s the La Rinconada Marine Reserve the place the northern oyster (Argopecten purpuratus) is protected, which represents an essential economic supply for the nation.

This reserve is one of the most essential in the country, each in measurement and in genetic variety, so the measures established are elementary for the conservation and safety of its ecosystem.

MARINE PARKS IN CHILE

Probably the most strict device of all are the Marine Parks: These areas are closed to any activity, except these which might be approved for functions of statement, research or scientific research.

All the actions carried out inside the Marine Parks must avoid the destruction or alteration of the habitat, as is the case of the following splendid places in Chile:

CABO DE HORNOS MARINE PARK

The terrestrial and marine area south of Tierra del Fuego represents a biogeographical milestone for the planet. It has a complete space of ​​140,000 km2 for the preservation of marine ecosystems of the channels and fjords.

It was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 2005 with a view to conserve, promote sustainable improvement and help logistics for analysis, monitoring, schooling and demonstration.

It’s the southernmost Reserve in the world and is acknowledged as one of the 24 most pristine ecoregions on the planet. Because of the laws and, above all, to the exemplary effort of its inhabitants, the non-fragmented sub-Antarctic forests are one of the few island teams that at present stay free of human influence.

At the degree of marine biodiversity, areas of feeding and copy of two albatross species and of two species of penguins are protected, as well as feeding and migration areas of marine mammals, kelp forests (seaweed) and coastal ecosystems.

ARCHIPIÉLAGO JUAN FERNÁNDEZ

This distinctive place in the world stands out for its unimaginable marine biodiversity, however above all for its group, which has managed to stay in concord with the surroundings that surrounds it.

The Juan Fernández Archipelago Marine Park consists of an space that shelters seamounts with a singular deep biodiversity in the world, but which can also be very fragile and weak.

It incorporates about 130 species recognized as an object of conservation, together with southern blue fin tuna, critically endangered, mako shark and leatherback, each weak. In addition to the virtually threatened shark tile.

To get an concept of ​​the significance, in extension, of the protected areas, it ought to be noted that only counting the final two Marine Natural Parks exceed the 400,000 km2 of protected space.

Image of colorful fish in the waters of Juan Fernández Island

SAN FÉLIX AND SAN AMBRIOSO ISLANDS

San Felix and San Ambrosio are islands which are half of the remote and unexplored Desventuradas Islands. Situated some 927 km from the continent, in entrance of the port of Chañaral, these territories type the Nazca-Desventuradas Marine Park, which isn’t only the largest marine park in Chile, but in addition the South Pacific Ocean.

ISLAS SALAS Y GÓMEZ

Round these uninhabited islands, at 391 kms. to the northeast of Rapa Nui, is the Marine Park Motu Motiva Hiva. Declared in 2010, these remote islands are the border with Polynesia and have gained special notoriety for the urgency of protecting the biosphere that surrounds them.

From the ecological point of view, these areas that now achieve legal safety, accumulate exceptional richness and variety, in addition to forming the southernmost protected pure area of ​​the American continent.

With an extension of 150,000 km2, this Marine Park constitutes 4% of the Chilean maritime territory and as a result of its remoteness, it has had practically no human intervention, thus maintaining its ecosystem virtually intact.

SUBMARINE PARKS

These are specific and delimited maritime areas destined to preserve ecological models of curiosity for science. On this method, the upkeep of the variety of the hydrobiological species is assured, in addition to all those organisms associated with their habitat.

RAPA NUI

Although Chile has around 5,919 islands, Rapa Nui is the icon of the Chilean island territory. And is that its allure and natural magnificence don’t depart anybody detached, especially in the celebration of the World Day of the Oceans.

Along with constituting a pole of tourist curiosity for its tradition and traditions, the island also represents an awesome middle of scientific research that protects and studies its marine protected area.

Also referred to as the Marine Coastal Protected Area of ​​A number of makes use of, the Island has a singular ecosystem in the world, very totally different from that of the continental coast, because of its tropical traits, its waters are heat and low in vitamins. What makes it extraordinarily prone and why it is a obligation to guard it.

Image of the Rapa Nui Moai overlooking the Pacific Ocean

Thus, the protected marine and coastal area designates the zones of Coral Nui Nui, Motu Tautara and Ranga Oteo with prohibition of industrial fishing and underwater mining, actions that threaten biodiversity.

In this approach, you possibly can solely fish with strategies that the islanders have been doing for a whole lot of years, in vessels that do not exceed 12 meters in length and sustainable processes that respect the natural stability. They are one with the setting!

It is expected that in the coming years Chile may have about 1,600,000 km2 of complete protected area. A challenge that responds to the evidences that point out the nice affect that the Marine Reserves have in the rest of the planet and that keep that it’s potential to protect a singular and very important setting.